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「新mg真人娱乐」语法基础知识学习五环节

发布时间:2020-01-09 14:38:15

「新mg真人娱乐」语法基础知识学习五环节

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语法基础知识学习,包括几个步骤:

1. 概念:了解阶段

2. 分类:加深理解

3. 联系:建立知识网络

4. 类推:灵活运用规则、技能熟练

5. 反思:错误的矫正、认知提升

以动词为例:

【动词知识核心】

(一)分类:谓语动词和非谓语动词

a. 谓语动词命题点:

1、时态变化

明确的时间状语

in recent years, stress (33)______(regard) as a cause of a whole range of medical problems, from high blood pressure to mental illness.

句中有明确的时间状语——介词词组、副词、名词词组等:in recent years 是典型的完成时时间状语,所以:has been regarded

句子内部的协调

the hollow flashlight is made from peltier tiles(珀耳贴片)that produce energy when one side ___26____(heat)and the other side remains cool.

包含主从句、或并列句,可根据另一个分句的时态推算。句中的that、主句都是现在时,可知为is heated。

句子之外的推理

our life (39) _____(interrupt). if we go somewhere and i ask him to have the phone at home, he suffers from withdrawal symptom.

句子内部无任何时间提示,根据上下文推算。此处所说事实充满“抱怨”,所以:has been interrupted/is being interrupted/is interrupted

2、语态变化

to business with garbage containers 'polluted' with more than 10 recyclables, warnings(27)_________ (issue). if they fail to take action, fines are expected.

语态的判断,难点在于动词的及物性意义。issue的及物动词意义“颁布、发布”,这里是are issued。

b. 非谓语动词:

区分重点,(1)在于行为的施受对象(主动还是被动);(2)行为完成的情况(已经完成、正在进行、或是未来才发生);(3)不定式和动名词的搭配。

1、现在分词(ing):主动、进行中

i stood 23_____ (look) at him as she gave a detailed history.

主语i和look是“施”的关系,即主动;look和谓语动词stood是同时进行。故looking。

the flashlight can produce a steady beam of led light for 20 minutes, ___27___(use)only the warmth of the human hand.

主语flashlight和use是“施” 的关系,即主动;use和谓语动词produce 是同时进行。故using。

2、过去分词(ed):被动、已完成

art conservators(管理员) dream of finding (21)_______(hide) secrets in the masterpieces they look after.

hide是用做secrets的定语,它们之间是“受”的关系——hide“把(某人/物)藏起”。故用过去分词hidden。

(31) _________ (shock), i took it from her automatically. she smiled and walked away.

主语i和shock是“受” 的关系,即被动——shock“令(某人)震惊”,故shocked。本身已转化为形容词。

3、不定式和动名词:固定搭配

if the total stress in your life is over 150, you are twice as likely (40)_______ (get )ill.

be likely to do:可能会……。故to get。

when i ask him to put down the phone and stop (37) _____ (ignore) me, he say, "in a minute."

stop doing:终止、停止做某事。故ignoring。

(二)应用:非谓语动词功能

1、定语:关联名词——即分词所修饰的那个名词

a 前置定语

over time, the high cost of living became a little burden on my already (28) ______ (exhaust) shoulder.

前置定语,两种动词:

一个是描述情感色彩的——ing类都可理解为“令人……的”;ed类都可理解为“感到……的”。此处为exhausted(感到精疲力尽的肩膀)。

另一个是描述行为的动词——ing表示“正在……的”;ed类表示“已经(被)……的”。

b 后置定语

** the machine (34)______ (equip) with securing cameras and alarms looks like a mini shop with a brick front, a grey roof and a display window.

分词定语,可转化成定语从句来检验。equipped=which is equipped。

2、状语:关联动词——即与之相关的另一个动词(一般是谓语动词)

(26) ______ (earn) some money to pay the daily expenses, i started work in a local café as a waiter.

i started work的目的是earn some money。故为目的,to earn。

(23)_______(look) at the painting with the microscope,i came across the tiny body of a grasshopper covered in the paint...

分词相当于时间状语从句,i came across和look是同时发生,故looking。

3、补语:关联宾补动词

as i squeezed back into my car, i saw the same lady (28) ______ (look) in at me. "hello", she said, hesitantly.

see sb doing。故looking。

apparently, i had difficulty (31) ______ (adapt) myself to life in the city, let alone finding a job to my delight.

have difficulty/trouble (in) doing。故adapting。

4、宾语:关联链接动词

was she worried about how i would react or that i would stop (29)_____(buy) the groceries if i found out?

链接动词,即那些固定跟不定式或动名词的动词。例如此处的stop (doing)。故buying

*主语、表语

this invention was the result of a ninth grade science project, but makosinski's goal was ___24___(offer)a practical solution to people with unlimited access to power and electricity.

这里makosinski's goal was ___24___(offer)a practical solution是一个主系表结构。故根据goal(目标),是to offer。

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